Dear Students, Contributors and Reviewers

    We are delighted to present this year’s fair of KSEF, a collection of students-created works showcasing the wonderful breadth of academic curiosity! Founded upon the basis of adventurous thinking and questioning, The KSEF hopes to foster a creative spirit in many fields of learning.

    It is an honor to receive such a number of insightful and thought-provoking pieces from the exceptional minds of high school and undergraduate students. Your submissions are reviewed thoroughly and held to an incredibly high standard; KSEF considers work that is not only well-composed, but also ambitious and representative of unbridled academic thinking. Showcased in this issue are essays from both the US and abroad that incorporate many disciplines of academic research, ranging from natural sciences to business and economics. Each piece embodies the diligence of the innovative authors that dedicate themselves to scholarship and exploration.

    The KSEF aims to highlight the incredible capability of students and encourage an unconventional, explorative approach to learning. As you read this issue of KSEF, consider the privilege of gleaning wisdom from carefully conducted academic research as well as the enthusiastic dedication of all the young, yet incredibly knowledgeable contributors. When compiling this issue, the editors at KSEF truly valued the enriching information presented in the impressive student-written pieces; we hope you have a similar experience that may even inspire you to be featured in the journal in the future!

    Lastly, we would like to express gratitude towards the Managing Editors and the KSEF Editorial Board members for their dedication; the large group of reviewers demonstrated exceptional diligence and enthusiasm while creating this issue. The editors contribute not only their insight but also their time. KSEF would not succeed without their continuing support.

    Thank you for all of your continued interest and support. It has been an honor to serve as the Editor-in-Chief of the KSEF, we are thrilled to provide these fresh perspectives on research to our readers and hope to continue to put our fresh ideas and passions in future journals.


    Co-Chairman, Dr. Steve Chan Co-Chairman, Dr. Sooyong Kim


    Dr. Sooyong Kim 경력:
    KAIST 물리학과 교수
    과기부 과학영재 교육위원회 위원장
    KAIST 사이버 영재교육센터장
    글로벌 영재학회 회장
    Graduate of Seoul Nattional Univ. and Columbia Univ.

    Dr. Steve Chan :
    Former Chief Architect/Research Fellow, MIT
    Former Fellow at Harvard's Center for Geographic Analysis
    Former Senior Fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School
    (현) 영 사이언티스트 저널 회장
    Graduate of Harvard and MIT (하버드/MIT 졸업)

KSEF(Korea-USA Science & Engineering Federation)

KSEF invites the submission of innovative proposals for symposia and issues defined broadly.


    KSEF, hosted and managed by Seoul National University, Havard university and other school's faculties and alumni, seeks to publish the best and most innovative scholarly manuscripts and study via online and presentation meetings.

    Submission Proposals

    KSEF invites the submission of innovative proposals for symposia and special issues on international relations defined broadly. A symposium consists of two to five articles on a common subject, published as a set in the same issue. Papers submitted together for consideration as a symposium are all judged by the same referees. Special issues, in contrast, are designed and edited by guest editors and include an introductory or concluding essay written by the editors. The goals of a special issue are to focus attention on promising ideas and important subjects in international relations defined broadly, and to advance the critique and development of economic or political theory in some way.

    Proposals are submitted to the editors and should include the following elements:

    • A preliminary draft of the introductory or concluding essay by the guest editor or editors, from 4,000 to 8,000 words in length. In the essay the editors should present the main argument, ideas, or debate to be developed by the volume. The most convincing essay will emphasize the most promising original contributions of the project as a whole, and its potential to influence theory and other scholarship. The planned volume should be differentiated briefly from the closest rival works already available or in preparation. The essay should also identify each contributor and preliminary paper title, and explain in a paragraph or two how each article is expected to contribute to the issue’s purposes.
    • A list of proposed papers, including paper titles, authors, and abstracts.
    • A curriculum vitae for each editor, and optionally for other contributors.
    • Additionally, KSEF features articles that contribute in some way to the improvement of general knowledge or empirical theory defined broadly. Although we may publish a manuscript designed to propose a solution to science, social, and current world problem, we prefer to publish those that also apply theoretical ideas and findings or address general questions debated in the scholarly community

      KSEF  publishes high-quality review essays that survey new developments in a particular area of study, synthesize important ideas, and raise key issues for future scholarship. Review essays might be based on books but could also draw on scholarship that has been published in articles. Prospective authors can either submit the entire manuscript for review or they can submit a ten-page, double-spaced proposal detailing the body of research to be covered and the main themes to be explored. Promising proposals will be sent to two referees. On the basis of their reviews, which will be sent anonymously to the author, the editors will write a decision letter. The final manuscript may be sent back to the same referees or reviewed by the editorial team.

    • The editorial team sends submissions, except letters to the editor, to reviewers before making a decision to publish. Approximately 30 percent of manuscripts submitted to KSEF are ultimately published by the journal, while approximately 60 percent are judged by the editors as not ready or appropriate for external review. The standards of KSEF’s reviewers are high. Before submitting their work, authors are strongly encouraged to seek advice and detailed comments from colleagues. Please sign up(register) first and sign in(log in) to submit your research paper.

    Please contact the editorial board for more information via email